Melasma is a common skin disease in women today. The uncomfortable appearance of somewhat symmetrical and equidistant dark spots on the protruding areas of the face was a problem they wanted to solve.
Common treatment approaches to get rid of melasma include sunscreen, whitening, and timing. The main and most conventional way to treat melasma is through sunscreen and natural melasma remedies.
Of course, you can't always avoid the sun's harmful rays. Using a variety of sunscreens with a high SPF every day will protect you from the harmful rays.
Protection from excessive sun exposure is your first line of defense against melasma. Remember to wear sunscreen even when you are indoors.
Using a topical depigmentant is usually the first course of action. Creams containing hydroquinone, tretinoin, kojic acid, and azelaic acid showed an improvement in the appearance of melasma.
With all these ingredients available; Hydroquinone is still considered the standard ingredient for the treatment of skin hyperpigmentation. It is known to be a strong tyrosinase inhibitor, an enzyme known to be responsible for the synthesis of a skin pigment called melanin.
Melasma is also associated with hormonal changes. In women who develop melasma after taking birth control pills or after taking HRT (hormone replacement therapy) during menopause.
Chemical peels with scrubs are also used to treat melasma. While the effectiveness of mild skin scrubs is bad enough.